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Did you say MONACO?

Did you say MONACO?


The Rock of Monaco served as a refuge for primitive populations. Vestiges of this occupation have been discovered in a cave in the gardens of Saint-Martin. The first sedentary inhabitants of the region, the Ligurians, are described as mountain dwellers accustomed to hard work and of exemplary frugality.

The coast and port of Monaco were probably the maritime opening of an inland Ligurian people, the Oratelli of Peille.

The origin of the name “Monaco” is subject to several assumptions. For some, the name comes from the Ligurian tribe of Monoikos who stayed on the Rock in the 6th century BC For others, the origin comes from the Greek. Throughout antiquity, the port of Monaco is associated with the cult of the hero Heracles (Hercules for the Romans), but this name is very often associated in the expression “Heracles Monoikos”, which means solitary Heracles. This version is confirmed by the still-used name of the main port: Port Hercules.

Monaco - Monte Carlo: current general view

At the end of the 2nd century BC, the Romans occupied the region. monaco is part of the Province of the Alpes Maritimes. During their presence, they set up at La Turbie the Trophy of Augustus, which consecrates the triumph of their military campaigns. During this period, Phoenician and Carthaginian sailors prospered. From the fall of the Roman Empire (5th century AD), the region was ravaged at regular intervals by various barbarian peoples. It was not until the tenth century, after the expulsion of the Saracens by the Count of Provence that the coast is repopulated little by little.

Monaco - Monte Carlo at the turn of the century

VISIT MONACO: WHAT ARE THE BEST THINGS TO DO AND SEE IN THE PRINCIPALITY OF THE ROCHER?

Grand Monaco is always in fashion. Landlocked in the middle of the Côte d’Azur, the principality is one of the favorite vacation spots for the Jet-Set. Super Yacht, palaces and big cars are legion. Recognized for its Formula 1 Grand Prix or for its tennis tournament, Monaco is also a city full of history and charm, where the Grimaldi family has reigned for hundreds of years. But then what should you discover in the principality? We offer you an overview of what you absolutely must visit in Monaco.

1. THE ROCK

Rock of Monaco

The beating heart of the city, the Rock is located on the heights of Monaco. With its pretty houses dating from the 16th to the 18th, its alleys and its ramparts, this district will dazzle you with its beauty. A visit out of time, which will allow you to discover, among other things, the chapel of the Visitation, the cathedral and the Palace. You can also admire the breathtaking view of the Mediterranean Sea.

2. MONTE CARLO CASINO

Monte Carlo Casino, Monaco

Visiting Monaco also means going to the Casino! Designed by Charles Garnier in 1879, the Monte-Carlo casino is as magnificent as it is prestigious. Eldorado of gambling in the Belle Epoque architectural style, this place has made the fortune of many players in the principality, but it is also renowned for the beauty of its salons. Don’t miss its theatre-opera, which is really worth a look.

3. THE EXOTIC GARDEN

Exotic Garden, Monaco

Shaped by the engineer Louis Notari and opened to the public in 1931, this garden brings together more than 900 species of flora from the semi-arid climate. You can admire many cacti, but also aloes or fig trees, among the oldest and rarest on our planet. A beautiful walk, which you must punctuate with a visit to the Observatory Cave, an underground natural cavity that can only surprise you.

4. THE OCEANOGRAPHIC MUSEUM

Monaco Oceanographic Museum

With its huge aquarium bringing together 6,000 varieties of the marine world, the oceanographic museum is a treasure for any lover of the fauna and flora of the seas. Founded by Prince Albert 1st in 1910, it takes you on a bewildering dive under the oceans, to discover all its mysteries. The Lagoon, a real coral reef reconstituted in the middle of a museum, is the icing on the cake of this visit that you will not regret for anything in the world.

5. THE PRINCE’S PALACE

Prince's Palace, Monaco

To visit Monaco is to make an obligatory passage through the Prince’s Palace. Official residence of the prince since 1927, the Palace of Monaco overlooks the Mediterranean and perfectly expresses the grandeur of the Grimaldi family. This building has a fascinating history, and was notably besieged and bombarded by numerous foreign armies. It is also the symbol of the Principality’s influence on the Côte d’Azur. Take advantage in particular of the relief of the prince’s carabinieri, a ceremony set like clockwork.

6. THE MONTE-CARLO DISTRICT

Monte Carlo, Monaco

Located to the east of the Vallon des Gaumates, Monte-Carlo is the most famous place in Monaco. And therefore an essential step on your trip to the Principality. Monte-Carlo is synonymous with luxury and abundance, and is often considered a territory in its own right. It is in fact a district integrated into the city of Monaco, which has about fifteen thousand inhabitants. Discover its sumptuous villas and gigantic buildings, as well as its many buildings of interest: its Casino, its Opera and the simply fabulous Hôtel de l’Hermitage.

7. OTHER IDEAS OF THINGS TO VISIT IN MONACO

Condamine Market, Monaco

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