The agglomeration of London is served by six main airports (listed in order of importance) and one secondary airport:
- L’London Heathrow airport (IATA code : LHR), which is the most important of the UK ;
- L’London Gatwick airport (LGW), the second largest in the country;
- L’London Stansted Airport (STN), the 3and largest in the agglomeration and 4and from the country;
- L’London Luton Airport (LTN), the 4and largest in the agglomeration and 5and from the country;
- L’London City Airport (LCY), which serves the city’s financial district and has a single runway. It is mostly used by business travelers;
- L’London Southend Airport (SEN), furthest from the city;
- L’Blackbushe Airport (BBS), 2and farthest from Londonand least important of all (no regular company).
London Airport can refer to either of these two airports:
Historically theHendon Aerodrome (in) was the first airfield in the British capital. Commissioned in 1911, it became a military airfield in 1916. It is therefore theHounslow Aerodrome which was used by the first air links to or from London at the end of the First World War having been returned to civilian use by the Royal Air Force (RAF). Its last flight will depart on .
the March 29, 1920began the transfer of commercial flights from Hounslow towardscroydon airportwhose official inauguration took place only on March 31, 1921. From the mid-1930s, Croydon proved to be insufficient and the June 6, 1936 was inaugurated ongatwick airport on the site of an airfield dating from 1930. Hendon and Croydon respectively close in 1968 and in 1959. Too small and too close to urban areas to expand, thecroydon airport was condemned.
The ground is renamed Blackbushe Airport after the closure of the base of the Royal Air Force the 15 november 1946. This land is used for Douglas C-47 Skytrain during the Blockade of Berlin of 1948 to 1949. L’U.S. Navy uses it as a transit airport in the 1950s.
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